Funerary equipment. The preservation of the corpse was essential for everlasting life. After mummification the body was placed in a coffin (sarcophagus) rectangular at first, and later anthropoid or mummiform. Funerary texts appear on the coffins and on the papyrus rolls that aided the deceased in his navigation towards the Afterlife. Funerary statuettes (ushabti), which acted as human substitutes in the expected field duties were among the tomb equipment.